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Monnickendam Martin

1874 – Amsterdam – 1943

Dutch Painter


Canal Grande in Venice

Signature: signed lower right and dated 'Martin Monninckendam 1930'
Medium: oil on canvas
Dimensions: image size 70 x 59 cm, frame size 91 x 78,5 cm

Martin Monnickendam, born on February 25, 1874, in the bustling streets of Amsterdam, embarked on a journey that would etch his name into the annals of Dutch art history. His Jewish parents, Nathan Meijer Monnickendam and Roosje Rippe, instilled in him a profound love for art from an early age.

His artistic odyssey began at the Rijksakademie van beeldende kunsten in 1891, where he honed his skills under the tutelage of notable mentors such as N. van der Waay and Carl Dake. Simultaneously, he trained at the Felix Meritis drawing school, immersing himself in the vibrant artistic milieu of his homeland.

In 1901, Monnickendam garnered acclaim when he clinched the second prize in the prestigious Prix de Rome competition, a testament to his burgeoning talent and artistic vision. Over the years, he participated in numerous exhibitions, both at home and abroad, showcasing his diverse body of work to audiences worldwide.

Venturing beyond his homeland, Monnickendam pursued further studies in Paris at the École des Arts et Métiers, immersing himself in the vibrant art scene of the French capital. It was during this time that he forged lasting friendships with fellow artists, including Pieter Dupont and Lizzy Ansingh, who would influence his artistic development.

In 1904, Monnickendam’s talent was recognized as he became a member of the esteemed artists’ association Arti et Amicitiae, followed by memberships in Sint Lucas in 1905 and De Onhoudenen in 1916. These affiliations provided him with invaluable platforms to showcase his evolving artistic style and forge connections with fellow creatives.

The year 1906 marked a significant milestone in Monnickendam’s illustrious career, as he joined the esteemed Arti et Amicitiae, solidifying his place within the Dutch artistic community. His reputation continued to soar, leading to a series of successful exhibitions and accolades, including a bronze medal at the international exposition in Buenos Aires in 1910.

In 1924, the prestigious Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam hosted an honorary exhibition in celebration of Monnickendam’s fiftieth birthday, a testament to his enduring impact on the art world. A decade later, in 1934, he was appointed Officer in the Order of Orange Nassau, further cementing his legacy as a pioneering artist.

Despite the turmoil of German-occupied Netherlands, Monnickendam remained dedicated to his craft, drawing inspiration from his travels to Italy and Venice in 1929. However, tragedy struck on January 4, 1943, as he succumbed to pneumonia while awaiting transport to a concentration camp. His untimely passing marked the end of a remarkable artistic journey, but his legacy as a visionary artist continues to resonate through his timeless creations.

In recent years, a renewed appreciation for Monnickendam’s work has emerged, with institutions such as the Amsterdam City Archives hosting exhibitions showcasing his oeuvre. His artworks, ranging from pastel drawings to vivid paintings, can be found in prestigious collections worldwide, including the Joods Historisch Museum, Rijksmuseum, and the Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, among others.

Martin Monnickendam’s enduring legacy transcends the confines of time, resonating with art enthusiasts and scholars alike, who continue to marvel at the depth and brilliance of his creations. Through his unwavering commitment to his craft and his profound artistic vision, Monnickendam remains a beacon of inspiration for generations to come.


Martin Monnickendam, a Dutch painter and draftsman born from Jewish parents, trained in Amsterdam from 1891 to 1893. He joined artists’ associations like Arti et Amicitiae in 1904 and Sint Lucas in 1905. Honorary exhibitions celebrated his fiftieth and sixtieth birthdays in 1924 and 1934 respectively. Monnickendam, appointed Officer in the Order of Orange Nassau in 1934, died in 1943 before he could be deported to a concentration camp.


R.J.C. van Helden, ‘Catalogus Martin Monnickendam 1874-1943’, II, Zwolle 2009, p. 700, no. 30-0014.


Venice, Venice Biennale, ‘XVII. Esposizione Internazionale d’Arte della Città di Venezia’, April-October 1930, no. 370 (according to a label attached to the stretcher)

Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, ‘Maatschappij Rembrandt Tentoonstelling van Werken der Kunstenaarsleden’, 16 May-7 June 1931, no. 162.

Private collection, The Netherlands; Venduehuis Den Haag; Private collection, Amsterdam 2022

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